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Home » TDS Refund: Getting Back Excess Tax Deducted

TDS Refund: Getting Back Excess Tax Deducted

What is TDS Refund?

TDS refund is the process of receiving the excess amount of tax deducted at source (TDS) from the government. TDS is a method of collecting income tax from various sources like salary, interest, rent, etc. The payer deducts a certain percentage of tax and submits it to the government on behalf of the recipient. The recipient can claim credit for this TDS amount while filing their income tax return (ITR).

Reasons for Excess TDS Deduction

Excess TDS deduction can occur due to various reasons, leading to a higher deduction of tax than your actual liability. Some common reasons include:

  • Late Submission of Investment Proofs: If you fail to submit your investment proofs or eligible deductions and exemptions to your employer or payer on time, they may deduct a higher amount of TDS from your salary, interest, rent, etc.
  • Lower Tax Slab than Standard TDS Rate: If your taxable income is below the basic exemption limit (e.g., Rs. 2.5 lakhs), you are not liable to pay income tax. However, if TDS is deducted at a higher rate, such as 10%, on your interest income exceeding Rs. 40,000 (or Rs. 50,000 for senior citizens), you may end up paying excess TDS.
  • Multiple Sources of Income: Having multiple sources of income may lead to separate TDS deductions by each payer. If the total TDS deducted exceeds your actual tax liability, you will pay more TDS than required.
  • Unconsidered Losses: If you have incurred losses for the current year or have carried forward losses from previous years available for set off, they can reduce your taxable income. However, if the payer does not consider these losses while deducting TDS, you may end up paying excess TDS.

Claiming TDS Refund Online: A Step-by-Step Guide

Step 1: Visit the Income Tax Department Website: Go to the official website of the Income Tax department at

Step 2: Register and Log In: Register yourself on the website using your PAN, date of birth, and other details. Then, log in to your account using your user ID, password, and captcha code.

Step 3: Download and Fill the ITR Form: Download the relevant Income Tax Return (ITR) form for the assessment year in which you want to claim the refund. Choose the form based on your sources of income and tax status. Fill in all the required details in the ITR form, including personal information, income details, deductions, tax payments, etc. Please make sure to furnish the accurate bank account number along with the correct IFSC code.

Step 4: Upload and Submit the ITR Form: Upload the filled ITR form on the website and click on submit. You will receive an acknowledgement number and a verification code.

Step 5: Verify Your ITR: Verify your ITR using one of the available methods, such as Aadhaar OTP, net banking, bank account number, demat account number, etc. Alternatively, you can send a signed copy of the ITR-V (verification form) to the Centralized Processing Centre (CPC) in Bengaluru by post within 120 days of filing the return.

Step 6: Processing Your Refund: After verifying your ITR, the Income Tax department will process your return and review your refund claim. If your claim is accepted, the refund amount will be credited to your bank account within a few weeks.

Step 7: Check Refund Status Online: You can check the status of your refund online at-Filing Home Page, Income Tax Department, Government of India by entering your PAN and assessment year.

By following these simple steps, you can easily claim your TDS refund online and ensure that you receive the rightful amount back from the government in a hassle-free manner.

Claiming TDS Refund: Offline Method

Claiming TDS refund offline involves filing a paper return, which can be more time-consuming and paperwork-intensive compared to the online method. Here’s how you can do it:

  1. Download Relevant TDS Return Form: Download the appropriate TDS return form from the Income Tax department website or obtain it from a local tax office.
  2. Fill in the Details: Fill in all the required details in the form, including PAN, TAN, challan details, deductee details, etc.
  3. Attach Necessary Documents: Attach the necessary supporting documents, such as Form 16, Form 16A, Form 26AS, etc., as per the instructions provided in the form.
  4. Submit to TIN-FC or NSDL Office: Submit the filled form and documents to the nearest TIN-FC (Tax Information Network Facilitation Centre) or NSDL office.
  5. Pay Applicable Fees: Pay the applicable fees for filing the return and obtain an acknowledgement receipt as proof of submission.
  6. Wait for Processing: Wait for the processing of your return and the issuance of your refund. The processing time may vary, and you may need to follow up with the tax authorities if required.

How to Check Your TDS Refund Status Online

If you have paid excess TDS and are eagerly waiting for your refund, you can easily track its status online. Here are some simple methods to check your TDS refund status:

Method 1: TIN-NSDL Portal

Visit the official TIN-NSDL portal.

Click on “Services” and then select “Status of Tax Refunds.”

Enter your PAN, assessment year, and captcha code.

Click on “Proceed” to view the status of your refund on the screen.

Method 2: e-Filing Portal

Log in to the e-Filing portal of the Income Tax Department using your user ID, password, and captcha code.

Navigate to “My Account” and access the section labeled “Refund/Demand Status.”

You will find the details of your refund, including the assessment year, status, reason (if any), and mode of payment.

Method 3: Other Online Portals

Several other online portals like Digit Insurance, Quicko, or ClearTax also offer the option to check your TDS refund status. These platforms provide step-by-step guides to help you easily track your refund using different methods.

What to Do if Your Refund Status Shows “Under Process”?

If your refund status shows “Under Process,” it means that the Income Tax Department is still processing your refund. Typically, the process takes a few weeks from the date of filing your ITR. However, in some cases, it may take longer, especially during the peak tax filing season.

What to Do if Your Refund Status Shows “Refund Failed” or “Refund Canceled”?

If your refund status displays “Refund Failed” or “Refund Canceled,” it indicates that there was an issue with the refund process. In such cases, you should verify the bank account details provided in your ITR. Ensure that your bank account number and IFSC code are accurate. If necessary, you can contact the Income Tax Department or your jurisdictional Assessing Officer for further assistance.

TDS refund is a vital process that ensures taxpayers receive the excess tax deducted at source. By understanding the reasons for excess TDS deduction and following the step-by-step guides for claiming the refund online or offline, taxpayers can ensure a smooth and hassle-free refund process. Stay informed about your refund status and make the most of your TDS refund by addressing any discrepancies and obtaining the rightful amount from the government.

What is TDS refund?

TDS refund is the amount of tax deducted at source (TDS) that exceeds the actual tax liability of a taxpayer. It is calculated after consolidating income from various sources and deducting the eligible deductions and exemptions.

How to claim TDS refund online?

To claim TDS refund online, you need to visit the official website of the Income Tax Department at, register yourself, file your income tax return (ITR) using the relevant form, fill in the required details, upload the form, and click on submit.

How to check the status of TDS refund?

You can check the status of your TDS refund by logging in to the e-filing portal of the Income Tax Department, clicking on ‘View Returns/Forms’, selecting ‘Income Tax Returns’, and clicking on ‘Acknowledgement Number’. You can also check the status of your TDS refund by visiting the website of Tax Information Network (TIN) at and entering your PAN and assessment year.

How long does it take to get a TDS refund?

The time taken to process and issue TDS refund depends on various factors such as the accuracy and completeness of the ITR, verification of the ITR, mode of payment, etc. Generally, it takes about 2-6 months from the date of filing the ITR to get TDS refund. However, some taxpayers may receive their TDS refund earlier or later depending on their individual cases.

How to avoid TDS deduction on salary?

If your taxable income falls below the basic exemption limit, you have the option to apply for a lower or nil TDS certificate in Form 13 under Section 197 from your jurisdictional Income Tax Officer to avoid TDS deduction on your salary. You can submit this certificate to your employer to notify them that you do not have taxable income. You can also avoid TDS deduction on salary by submitting proof of your investments and deductions under Section 80C to 80U to your employer before the due date.

How to avoid TDS deduction on fixed deposit?

If your taxable income is below the basic exemption limit, you can avoid TDS deduction on fixed deposits by submitting a declaration in Form 15G or Form 15H (for senior citizens) at the beginning of the financial year to your bank. This declaration will inform the bank that you do not have a taxable income and hence no tax should be deducted on your interest income. However, if you have any other income apart from interest income, you should file your ITR and claim TDS refund if applicable.

How to get a TDS certificate?

The deductor or payer of income is required to issue a TDS certificate to the deductee or payee of income within a specified time limit. The TDS certificate contains details such as name and PAN of both parties, amount and nature of income, amount and rate of tax deducted, date of deduction, etc. The TDS certificate can be downloaded from the TRACES portal at [] by logging in with your user ID and password.

What are the types of TDS certificates?

Two kinds of TDS certificates are available, namely Form 16 and Form 16A. Form 16 is issued by the employer to the employee for TDS deducted on salary income. It is issued annually on or before 31st May of the next financial year. Form 16A is issued by any other deductor for TDS deducted on any other income such as interest, rent, commission, etc. It is issued quarterly within 15 days from the due date of filing TDS returns.

What is Form 26AS?

Form 26AS is an annual consolidated tax statement that shows all the taxes paid by or on behalf of a taxpayer in a financial year. It includes details such as TDS deducted by various deductors, advance tax and self-assessment tax paid by the taxpayer, refund received by the taxpayer, etc. It also shows any high-value transactions reported by banks or financial institutions under AIR (Annual Information Return). Form 26AS can be viewed online from the e-filing portal of the Income Tax Department or through net banking facility of authorized banks.

How to verify Form 26AS?

You should verify your Form 26AS with your income and TDS certificates to ensure that all the taxes paid by or on your behalf are correctly reflected in your tax statement. You should also check for any mismatch or discrepancy in the details such as PAN, name, amount, date, etc. If you find any error or omission in your Form 26AS, you should contact the concerned deductor or payer and request them to rectify the same. You should also report any suspicious or fraudulent transactions in your Form 26AS to the Income Tax Department.

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