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Home » How do taxes work, and what deductions and credits am I eligible for?

How do taxes work, and what deductions and credits am I eligible for?

What exactly is a tax deduction? All That You Should Know

In India, many types of income tax deductions can be utilized to reduce the taxable amount. Tax deductions are available in 20 different ways, covering everything from public provident funds, including life insurance, to loans.

Tax deductions are claims made by taxpayers to lower their taxable income as a result of certain investments and expenses undertaken. As a result, income tax deductions lower your total tax burden. It is a type of tax break that allows you to save money. The amount of tax you can save, however, is determined by the sort of tax advantage you claim.

Making donations to charitable organizations and other relief funds, for example, may entitle you to a tax break.

For inspiring investment, the government typically provides tax-exempt firms to make investments. These entities are exempt from one or more taxation regulations. Making investments in the Sukanya Samriddhi Scheme, for example, is completely tax-free.

What exactly is a tax deduction at source?

The Income Tax Department of the Government of India has implemented an initiative known as TDS (tax deducted at source) to collect revenue efficiently and speedily. TDS allows tax to be deducted or collected at the point of sale.

TDS is the government’s non-direct way of collecting taxes. It provides an uninterrupted source of revenue for the government by collecting taxes as income is produced rather than whenever a taxpayer submits returns at the closing date of the year.

Any authorized person or entity charged with the job of collecting tax collects and pays tax to the governmental entity on behalf of a taxpayer. In exchange, the individual taxpayer receives a TDS certificate indicating that the tax was paid on his or her behalf.

Therefore, the tax gets taken out at the source and remitted to the government on the payer’s behalf. This provision of tax deduction at source applies to a variety of payments, including salary, commissions, interest on fixed deposits, brokerage, fees for professional services, contract payments, and royalty, among others.

The Advantages of Tax Deductions

There are several advantages to tax deductions, which include:

Deductions from taxes allow you to minimize the amount that is taxable and save money. Whenever you seek income tax deductions, the sum of your earnings that is liable to tax is reduced.

A lower-taxed income allows you to make savings and invest in additional fields.-


Tax deductions decrease income that falls into those with the highest tax brackets first.

Income tax returns are required, and you can’t prevent paying tax entirely. However, with careful preparation, you can lower the amount you pay in taxes.

Different Types of Tax Deductions in India

Increase your deductions to minimize the amount you pay in taxes. There are numerous investment alternatives and types of expenses that might help you reduce the amount of income that is taxable. The Indian Income Tax Act contains numerous provisions for this. A variety of tax deduction alternatives are discussed below.

  1. PPF (Public Provident Fund): Investing in your PPF account qualifies you for a tax credit under Section 80C of the Indian Income Tax Act of 1961.
  2. Life Insurance Premiums: You may claim a tax break on your income for paying premiums on life insurance policies for yourself, your spouse, and your children.
  3. National Savings Certificate (NSC): Any sum invested in an NSC is tax deductible under Section 80C of the Indian Income Tax Act of 1961. National Savings Certificates are one of the most secure investment options in India. However, the interest collected on NSC is taxable. Because an NSC is a continuous plan, interest gets reinvested and taxed.
  4. Fixed deposits (FDs) at banks: Under Section 80C of the Indian Income Tax Act, 1961, you can claim a deduction from your taxes for investing in fixed deposits for five years. Many Indian banks provide tax-free fixed deposits. Although the interest earned on FDs is taxed,
  5. Senior Citizen Savings Scheme (SCSS): Senior citizens can take advantage of a tax break by putting money in a bank’s Senior Citizen Savings Scheme. Section 80C of the same statute allows for tax deductions for certain plans. The interest generated by these schemes is completely taxed.
  6. Post Office Time Deposit (POTD): If you make investments in a five-year POTD, you may deduct the interest under Section 80C. Although interest on the principal is completely taxable,
  7. ULIPs (Unit-linked Insurance Plans): If you make investments in ULIPs for your own needs, your spouse, and your kids, you can claim tax benefits under Section 80C.
  8. House Loan EMIs: Equated monthly installments made towards repaying the entire principal amount of your house loan are tax-deductible under Section 80C of the same statute.
  9. Mutual Funds and ELSS: By putting money into mutual funds and equity-linked savings schemes, you can claim tax breaks under Section 80C of the Indian Income Tax Act of 1961.
  10. Stamp Duty and Registration Fees for a House: Under Section 80C of the Indian Income Tax Act of 1961, stamp duty and registration fees incurred in passing on property are tax deductible.
  11. Retirement Savings Plan: Making investments in retirement savings schemes available through LIC or different insurance companies can also result in income tax deductions. Contributions to the National Pension Scheme are also tax-deductible.
  12. Tuition Fees: The tuition expenses that are spent on your children’s schooling are deductible from your income tax under Section 80C.
  13. On the other hand, the tuition for full-time tuition at an Indian university, institution, or education for any two kids must be paid. Tuition is exempt from any donations or development fees paid to educational institutions.
  14. Premiums for medical insurance Section 80D of the Indian Income Tax Act of 1961 allows for an income tax deduction for health insurance premiums paid for oneself, one’s spouse, and one’s children. This clause allows a deduction of Rs. 25,000 for young people and Rs. 30,000 for senior individuals.
  15. Infrastructure Bonds: Investing in infrastructure bonds entitles you to earnings tax exemptions under Section 80CCF of the Indian Income Tax Act.
  16. Donations to Charity Donating for charitable purposes reduces the amount you are taxable under Section 80G of the Indian Income Tax Act of 1961. Although make sure to declare the entire donation by December 31st of each year.
  17. Treatment of Disabled Dependents: Income tax exemptions for medical expenses paid in the treatment of any disabled dependent of yours are available under Section 80DD of the Indian Income Tax Act, 1961.
  18. Exemption for Preventive Health Check-ups: An individual or his or her immediate family who spends Rs. 5,000 on routine medical examinations qualifies for a tax deduction under Section 80D of the Indian Income Tax Act, 1961.
  19. Interest Payable on Education Loan: Under Section 80E of the Indian Income Tax Act of 1961, you are able to deduct the interest you have paid on a loan for educational purposes. The money borrowed can be used by the employee to further his or her education or for other purposes.
  20. Deductions for House Rent Spent: If the person who works or his or her spouse does not possess a permanent residence in the place of employment, the employee can claim a tax exemption for the home’s rent paid. Under Section 80GG of the Indian Income Tax Act, 1961, this deduction is normally available to salaried persons.

As an example:

Your monthly income is Rs. 20,000. An apartment in Bangalore costs Rs 5,000 per month in rent. Your real HRA is Rs 8,000, meaning that you are entitled to HRA exemption at 40% of your basic pay. Now,

The actual HRA is Rs. 8,000.
40% of the base wage equals Rs 8,000.
(5000–2000) 3000 for rent paid in excess of 10% of the wage.
As a result, the tax-exempt sum for HRA paid will be Rs. 3,000.


If you register deductions for your tax card and lower your tax rate, you can profit from your present deductions right away.

You have the option of providing deduction information in advance for the upcoming year’s tax return, which will be mailed to you. When you receive your tax return, go over it carefully and make any required changes.

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